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HOI AN VIETNAM (PHOTOS)

August 25, 2011

Zen Master

MINH TRI (TO MINH TRI)

(?-1196)

English

Searching For the Echo

The wind shakes the pine branches, the moon shines under the water

Leaving no trace, giving no shadow

It’s the same with the human forms

(Try to locate it is like trying to find) the echo in empty space.

Poem

Searching For the Echo

Winds through pines, moons on waters,

Leave neither trace nor shadow.

Our mind-body void like them.

Grasp for it-grasp the wind’s echo.

Kevin Bowen and Nguyen Ba Chung

HOI AN VIETNAM

Throughout its history, Hoi An has been a well known port town described by many names, including Faifoo, Fayfo, Hoai Pho, Kaifo, Faixfo, and in recent times Hoi An. From 7th – 10th Century Champa’s controlled the strategic Spice Trade making Hoi An one of the regions major trading ports.Between the 16th and 19th centuries Hoi An served as an important port town, through which culture, economy, and religion flowed from throughout Asia. Many European maritime powers, such as the French, British, Portuguese and Dutch, were competing to connect the east to the west during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Hoi An was a crucial piece in establishing power in the world trade market. The Dutch established a post in the city in 1636, which lasted until 1741. China & Japan would also play a major role in the world trade industry that was thriving in Hoi An. When a civil war broke out in Vietnam in 1773 Hoi An suffered, as a series of battles that took place in the city, creating much destruction. During the rest of the century, the city’s inhabitants went through hard times.Hoi An was again revived during the 20th century, and today it continues to slowly but steadily do better for its people.

HOI AN – A BIT OF HISTORY

Recently excavated ceramic fragments from 2200 years ago constitute the earliest evidence of human habitation in the Hoi An area. They are thought to belong to the late-Iron Age Sa Huynh, civilisation, which is related to the Dong Son culture of northern Vietnam.

From the 2nd to the 10th centuries, this was a busy seaport of the Champa kingdom. Persian and Arab documents from the latter part of the period mention Hoi An as a provisions stop. Archaeologists have uncovered the foundations of numerous Cham towers around Hoi An: the bricks and stones were reused by Vietnamese settlers.

In 1307 the Cham king married the daughter of a monarch of the Tran dynasty and presented Quang Nam province to the Vietnamese as a gift. After his death, his successor refused to recognise the deal and fighting broke out: for the next century chaos reigned. By the 15th century peace had been restored, allowing normal commerce to resume. During the next four centuries Chinese, Japanese, Dutch, Portuguese, Spanish, Indian, Filipino, Indonesian, Thai, French, British and American ships came to Hoi An to purchase high-grade silk (for which the area is famous), fabrics, paper, porcelain, tea, sugar, molasses, areca nuts, pepper, Chinese medicines, elephant tusks, beeswax, mother-of-pearl, lacquer, sulphur and lead.

The Chinese and Japanese traders sailed south in the spring, driven by winds from the northeast. They would stay in Hoi An until the summer, when southerly winds would blow them home. During their four-month sojourn in Hoi An, the merchants rented waterfront houses for use as warehouses and living quarters. Some traders began leaving full-time agents in Hoi An to take care of off-season business affairs. This is how foreign colonies got started, although the Japanese ceased coming to Hoi An after 1637, when the Japanese government forbade all contact with the outside world.

Hoi An was the site of the first Chinese settlement in southern Vietnam. The town’s Chinese hoi quan (congregational assembly halls) still play a special role among southern Vietnam’s ethnic Chinese, some of whom come to Hoi An from all over the region to participate in congregation-wide celebrations. Today 1300 of Hoi An’s population of 75, 800 are ethnic Chinese. Relations between ethnic Vietnamese and ethnic Chinese in Hoi An are excellent, partly because the Chinese have become assimilated to the point where they even speak Vietnamese among themselves.

This was also the first place in Vietnam to be exposed to Christianity. Among the 17th-century missionary visitors was the French priest Alexandre de Rhodes, who devised the Latin-based quoc ngu script for the Vietnamese language.

Hoi An was almost completely destroyed during the Tay Son Rebellion. It was rebuilt and continued to serve as an important port for foreign trade until the late 19th century, when the Thu Bon River (Cai River), which links Hoi An with the sea, silted up and became too shallow for navigation. During this period Danang (Tourane) began to eclipse Hoi An as a port and centre of commerce. In 1916 a rail line linking Danang with Hoi An was destroyed in a terrible storm; it was never rebuilt.

Under French rule Hoi An served as an administrative centre. During the American War the city, with the cooperation of both sides, remained almost completely undamaged.

TRAVELING FROM HUE TO HOI AN WE PASS THE BEAUTIFUL CENTRAL COAST OF VIETNAM
HAI VAN QUAN AT THE HAI VAN PASS – Hai Van Quan was built under the Minh Mang Dynasty in the nineteenth century. IT OVER LOOKS DANANG.
BUNKERS ORIGINALLY BUILT BY THE FRENCH
war memorial at the hai van pass
ALONG THE WATER FRONT AT THU BON RIVER IN HOI AN VIETNAM
LANTERN STORE IN HOI AN
SHOPS IN HOI AN
RESTAURANT ALONG THE RIVERS EDGE HOI AN
LARGE MODEL OF A SAMPAN IN HOI ANFABRIC STORE IN HOI AN
LACQUERWARE STROE – The Vietnamese Lacquer History: Vietnamese ancestors have used natural resin extracted from lacquer trees to produce lacquer products to serve every day life for thousands of years and many lacquer products have been found in ancient tombs. However, it did not become an official economic sector until the Le Nhan Tong Dynasty (1443- 1460), initiated by Mr. Tran Thuong Cong. After he died, a temple was built in memory of him and for recognition of his great achievements. This temple still exists now in Binh Trong village, Thuong Tin District, Ha Tay province nearby Hanoi City. This man is considered Vietnam’ s father founder of the lacquer industry. In general, before 1930, lacquer was just produced in small quantity by individual families and was used by households and sold to temples and pagodas in Vietnam. Vietnamese lacquer industry became known to the outside world and made an echo after Artist Dinh Van Thanh participated an international trade show in Paris in 1930 in an attempt to promote the industry. Between 1954 and 1990, under the centrally -planed economy, lacquer production was mainly implemented by Handicraft Co- operatives and just exported to some Socialist countries like the Soviet Union, Poland, Bulgaria Hungary, Romania ,etc. However, designs and colours were poor. After 1990, as Vietnam opened it’s door to the outside world and implemented the market economy, the industry has been very rapidly growing in terms of both quality and production scale and exporting to many diffirent countries across the world. Designs and colours are now getting increasingly diverse and in general every customer demand can be met.
SHOE SHOP HOI AN
LANTERN STORE IN HOI AN
VINH HUNG HOTEL -You can soak in Hoi An’s architectural flavor, stay in one of the two second-storey rooms in the original wooden house. Furnished with antique furniture and oriental rugs, a bit dark and threadbare, these rooms are the real thing. One has a small balcony overlooking Tran Phu Street. This room served as Michael Caine’s dressing room during the filming of The Quiet American.
A TRADITIONAL VIETNAMESE HOUSE
PERUME RIVE JAPAN COVERED BRIDGE IN HOI AN – IT ONCE CONNECTED THE JPANESE AND CHINESE COMMUNITIES IN HOI AN
STUDENTS IN FRONT OF THE PERFUME RIVER COVERED BRIDGE HOI AN
ON VACATION IN HOI AN
ON HOLIDAY IN HOI AN
SCHOOL OUTING IN HOI AN
A CHINESE COMMUNITY HOUSE HOI AN
RESTAURANT IN HOI AN
THU BON RIVER BOATS IN HOI AN
BOATS ON THE THU BON RIVER HOI AN
FISHING WITH NETS ON THE THU BON RIVER IN HOI AN
FSHING WITH NETS ON THE THU BON RIVER IN HOI AN
FISHING WITH NETS ON THE THU BON RIVER IN HOI AN
FISHING WITH NETS ON THE THU BON RIVER IN HOI AN
FISHING WITH NETS ON THE THU BON RIVER IN HOI AN
ALONG THE THU BON RIVER IN HOI AN
A SAMPAN ON THE THU BON RIVER HOI AN
ALONG THE THU BON RIVER HOI AN
BOATS ON THE THU BON RIVER HOI AN
FISHING BOAT ON THE THU BON RIVER HOI AN
FISHING NETS ON THE THU BON RIVER HOI AN
CLOSE UP OF A FISH NET ON THE THU BON RIVER HOI AN
A REMOTE WINCH AND PULLEY SYSTEM IS USED TO RAISE AND LOWER THE FISH NET
FISHING BOATS RETRIEVING FISH FROM THE FISH NETS ON THE THU BON RIVER HOI AN
HOUSE ALONG THE THU BON RIVER HOI AN
PARADE FOR THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL CHORAL FESTIVAL AND COMPETITION IN HOI AN MARCH 16 – 20 2011


FIRST INTERNATIONAL CHORUS AND COMPETITION WAS HELD IN HOI AN MARCH 16 – 20 2011 INDONESIA
FIRST INTERNATIONAL CHORUS AND COMPETITION WAS HELD IN HOI AN MARCH 16 – 20 2011 MALAYSIAN CONTESTANTS
REPRESENTING THE PHILIPINES AT THE CHORAL FESTIVAL
CHORAL FESTIVAL CONTESTANTS
CHORAL CONTESTANTS ABOUT TO GO ON STAGE
CONTESTANTS FROM SRI LANKA
CHORAL SINGERS FROM VIETNAM
CHORAL CONTESTANTS FROM VIETNAMCUA DAI BEACH 3 KILOMETERS FROM THE CENTER OF HOI AN IS ONE OF THE NICEST BEACHES IN VIETNAM
CUA DAI BEACH HOI AN – ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL BEACHES IN VIETNAM
VENDORS SETTING UP AT CUA DAI BEACH HOI AN
AN OLD SAMPAN AT CUA DAI BEACH HOI AN
VIETNAMESE BASKET BOAT – The Basket Boat is locally named the “Thung Chai” which is used very popularly by the local fishermen in the central regions of Viet Nam. The local fishermen really like to use it for the fact that it is very mobile and convenient take for example. It can take the people to move easily from their big boat to the land by basket boat. Furthermore, it is used by the fishermen to catch fish after the fishing net has been drop down to catch fish in a successful way. Besides, it can carry needed things for the fishing people like oil, wood, food and others… The shape of the Basket Boat is fish in a successful way. Besides, it can carry needed things for the fishing people like oil, wood, food and others… The shape of the Basket Boat is to be re-tarred every 6 months depending on how one uses it in a protective way.

PHOTOS BY:

LEONARD EPSTEIN

JANELLE BURGESS

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